Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Hispanic Heritage Month

September 15th through October 15th is National Hispanic Heritage month. This is the time to recognize the contributions and experiences of Americans of Hispanic heritage. According to the National Hispanic Heritage Month website, hosted by the Library of Congress, "September 15 is significant because it is the anniversary of the independence for Latin American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their Independence days on September 16th and 18th respectively."

2010 US Census Hispanic Population by County
Percentage of Hispanic or Latino population by county in 2010 census.
By United States Census Bureau [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
Hispanic Americans are a large and quickly growing segment of the US population. In 2003, Hispanics became the largest minority group in the United States. The 2010 census counted 50,477,594 Americans of Hispanic or Latino origin. That's 16.3% of the total US population and a 43% increase from the 2000 census count.

Timeline of Hispanic-American History
Click on the links below to find relevant library resources on each topic.

1493: Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico, and began Spanish colonization of the island.
1513: Juan Ponce de León led first expedition to Florida.
1528 – 1536: Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca survived an ill-fated expedition and explored portions of Texas. His book was the first written account of Texas Indians.
1539 – 1542: Hernando de Soto explored Southeast US including portions of Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi.
·         The Hernando de Soto Expedition by Jerald T. Milanich
          Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explored Southwest US including portions of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.
·         Documents of the Coronado Expedition, 1539 – 1542 by Richard and Shirley Cushing Flint
1565: Pedro Menéndez de Avilés established colony at Saint Augustine, Florida.
·         America’s Ancient City: Spanish St. Augustine, 1565 – 1763 by Kathleen A. Deagan
1598: Juan de Oñate led Spanish colonization of New Mexico.
1610: Santa Fe established as capital of New Mexico.
·         Santa Fe: History of an Ancient City by David Grant Noble
1718: Spanish colonists founded San Antonio, Texas.  
·         San Antonio de Béxar: a Community on New Spain’s Northern Frontier by Jesús F. de la Teja
·         Spanish Texas, 1519 – 1821 by Donald E. Chipman
     1748 - 1755: José de Escandón led the Spanish colonization of Nuevo Santander (which today includes the Mexican state of Tamaulipas and portions of southern Texas). He established several settlements in the region including Laredo.  
·            De León: a Tejano Family History by A. Carolina Castillo Crimm
Presidio La Bahía near Goliad, TX. Originally built by the Spanish in 1721, and later rebuilt in 1771.
 Photo by Ernest Mettendorf - Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4208460
1769 – 1819: Spain established multiple settlements in California including San Diego (1769), San Francisco (1776), and Los Angeles (1781).
·         A History of California: the Spanish Period by Charles E. Chapman
1821: United States purchased Florida from Spain.
·         Diplomacy and the Borderlands: the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 by Philip Coolidge Brooks  
          Mexico won independence from Spain.
·         The Hidalgo Revolt: Prelude to Mexican Independence by Hugh M. Hamill
1822: Joseph Marion Hernández became first Hispanic to serve in the US Congress. He was a delegate from the Florida Territory.
1836: Texas declared independence from Mexico.
·         Tejanos and Texas under the Mexican Flag, 1821 – 1836 by Andrés Tijerina
1845: United States annexed Texas.
·         The Annexation of Texas by Justin Harvey Smith
1848: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War. Mexico ceded territory to US including: California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and portions of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Wyoming. 
·         Border Visions: Mexican Cultures of the Southwest United States by Carlos G. Vélez-Ibañez
·         The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: a Legacy of Conflict by Richard Griswold del Castillo
1859: Juan Cortina seized control of Brownsville, TX in retaliation for town marshal’s assault on one of his employees.
·         Cortina: Defending the Mexican Name in Texas by Jerry D. Thompson
·         Juan N. Cortina: Two Interpretations by Charles William Goldfinch
1889: Pablo, Nicanor, and Juan Jose Herrera formed a resistance movement known as Las Gorras Blancas to protect Hispanic land from Anglo squatters in New Mexico.
1898: Spain ceded control of Puerto Rico to United States at conclusion of Spanish-American War.
·         Spanish-American War by Michael Golay
1910 – 1920: Revolution in Mexico results in increased Mexican immigration to US.
·         Pancho Villa at Columbus by Haldeen Braddy
1917: Puerto Ricans granted US citizenship.
1928: Octaviano Larrazolo, from New Mexico, became first Hispanic to serve in the US Senate.
1929: League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), which advocates for Latino civil rights, founded in Corpus Christi, TX.
·         LULAC, Mexican Americans, and National Policy by Craig Allen Kaplowitz
1942:  Due to labor shortage caused by World War II, US entered into an agreement with Mexico (known as the Bracero Program) to import Mexican laborers into the US.
·         Harvest of Loneliness: The Bracero Program – documentary film.

The first Braceros arriving by train in Los Angeles, CA in 1942.
By Dorothea Lange, working for the US Government. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. 
1943: Zoot Suit Riots in Los Angeles, CA.
·         Murder at the Sleepy Lagoon: Zoot Suits, Race, and Riot in Wartime L.A. by Eduardo Obregón Pagán
1945: Marcario García became first Mexican immigrant to be awarded the US Congressional Medal of Honor.
1948: Dr. Hector P. García founded the American G.I. Forum in Corpus Christi, TX to advocate for the civil rights of Hispanic veterans. The group gained national attention advocating on behalf of the family of Felix Longoria after a funeral home in Three Rivers, TX refused to bury him. 
1954 – 1958: US government implemented “Operation Wetback” and deported millions people of Mexican descent.
1959: Fidel Castro’s successful revolution in Cuba resulted in increased Cuban immigration to US.
·         The Cuban Revolution: Origins, Course, and Legacy by Marifeli Pérez-Stable
1962: CésarChávez and Dolores Huerta founded the United Farm Workers to advocate for the rights of migrant farm workers.
·         The Moral Vision of César Chávez by Fredrick John Dalton
·         Dolores Huerta: A Hero to Migrant Workers by Sarah E. Warren and Robert Casilla
1964: Bracero Program ended.
1965 – 1970: United Farm Workers conducted a successful strike on behalf of grape pickers in California.
·         Delano, the Story of the California Grape Strike by John Gregory Dunne
1968: Thousands of student’s walkout of schools in Los Angeles, CA to protest unequal educational opportunities. Walkouts spread to hundreds of schools in multiple states.
1988: Lauro Cavazos becomes first Hispanic to serve in the United States Cabinet. He served as Secretary of Education.
2003: Hispanics became largest minority group in the United States.
2009Sonia Sotomayor became the first Hispanic to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. 

The Dick Smith Library has a large collection of books and other resources on topics relevant to the Hispanic American experience. Such as these titles: 
The Mexican Americans by Alma M. García
The Spanish Americans of New Mexico: a Heritage of Pride by Nancie L. Solien Gonzalez. 

Let us know if you need assistance finding additional information by calling 254-968-9249 or emailing at reference@tarleton.edu

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

The Dick Smith Library, the center of the Tarleton Community.
By Yeidi Rios

Part I

Maybe this year you decided it would be different and that you would visit the library more often? Or maybe you’re a freshmen and you just need access to a computer or a quiet place to study? Whatever the reason you decide to become a familiar face at the library, and whether you’re a Tarleton student, faculty or staff, you’re in luck! My goal with this series of posts is to provide knowledge and familiarity with what can be the greatest resource in someone’s learning journey. The library is that special place in campus were you can visit and learn comfortably in the company of others, where you don’t need to feel alone with your digital problems- the library is filled with professional personnel to help you overcome your digital obstacles. I’m proud to say the library has gone through many changes and upgrades to provide the best learning experience we can possibly provide, and our willingness to constantly adapt to our community’s needs will not stop.

The Dick Smith Library consists of three floors.  First, let’s start with the main level. As you enter the library, behind the crystal windows, you will find a cozy lounging area situated around a TV and wall shelves that display our newest books. Past circulation and the café we have our computer stations, and if they are all taken we have a laptop vending machine that lends laptops for up to 4 hours. If you are in need of group study areas with computers, we have 5 study booths surrounding big computer monitors. These are not the only ones. Near the Tech Spot, we have two more study rooms equipped with computers and big screen monitors.  In addition to all this, located at the back of the library in the periodicals section, you’ll find microfilm machinery and 2 desktops exclusively for use with the microfilm. For those students who need technical or digital support remember that you can go by the Tech Spot open Monday through Friday from 8-8 pm. Last but not least, if you find your mobile device low on battery we have solutions for that as well.  Near the Tech Spot you will find a charging station equipped with chargers for different mobile devices. If you have any questions regarding the services we provide, doubts on the basic use of computers or software, or simply need help finding information, visit the reference desk- it is always open. 

For my next blog post I will be discussing the lower level and all the neat technology and spaces located down there. If you let it, the Dick Smith library will be your greatest support in your pursuit of knowledge and personal growth, so until next time, we hope to see you in the library! 

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Suicide Prevention Week Sept. 12-14

September 12-14 is suicide prevention week. The Dick Smith Library is collaborating with the counseling center to help bring awareness. When you stop by the study grounds café to get your coffee take a moment to check out the display that has an inspiring message by SGT Shane Ortega. "Suicide is a topic that needs to be discussed in the light of day, maybe even while sitting at a table with friends over coffee. It shouldn't be hushed. Let's start more conversations, even if they scare us. Ortega stated. Post it notes have been provided for you to leave encouraging positive messages. If you find a message that inspires you, feel free to take a message in exchange.

Thursday, September 7, 2017

Spotlight: Databases That Will Blow Your Mind

The fall semester at the Dick Smith Library brings us new arrivals of all sorts: incoming freshmen, new staff members, and exciting new materials to offer our patrons. Among them are two incredibly vast, versatile and impactful databases I am excited to introduce you to here today.

Life Magazine Archive – This massive archive provides a bird’s eye view into the events and people who have shaped us as a nation, spanning as far back as 1936. Life, most famously known for its provocative and timeless covers, is an invaluable treasure trove for the academia community.

As told to the San Francisco Gate: "Every day we receive requests from readers looking for these issues for research purposes, and to find photos and articles featuring family members, hometowns and other memories," Andrew Blau, president of Life Inc., said in a statement. "Now with these full issues available online, readers will be able to browse through history as it was being recorded."

Patrons are directed to the Ebsco host where they can search by keyword, publication date, document type and cover story. The results are beautiful scans, allowing us to step back in time and wonder at the world as it was.

Race Relations in America – About this database, John Giggie, Associate Professor of History and African American Studies, and Director for the Summersell Center for the Study of the South is quoted as saying, “A rare opportunity to track the fight for racial justice in the modern era. There are few collections that can rival it for tracking the evolution of civil rights thought and effort over time.” 
Image title “Hispanic delegate entertaining at the Race Relations Institute, 1955”
 Copyright the Amistad Research Center.

Race Relations highlights over 100 hours of audio recordings, survey material, case studies, campaigns against voter suppression in the African American communities, photographs, scrapbooks and posters spanning three decades. Additionally, the collection features interactive maps, a data association tool, interactive chronology, a visual highlights gallery, contextual essays, and video interviews for the engaged student. The value of this database, especially in the current atmosphere, cannot be overstated.

Whether it’s a speech given by Thurgood Marshall you’re seeking, or a survey of housewives in the 1960’s, this source will provide you with endless material to broaden your knowledge on the most prevalent, and important social theme of our time.

Thursday, August 31, 2017

After the Storm: What NOT to Donate, and Where TO Give

Many of us are eager to help victims of Hurricane Harvey.  Here are some tips on the best places to donate and volunteer - and what NOT to give.

Donate money through a trusted organization.  You can find out more about a particular charity's efficiency and effectiveness using your donations at Charity Navigator or CharityWatch.  Each site has set up a special page with Hurricane Harvey suggestions.  Look for organizations with the highest percentage of their funds going to actual programs and services (at least 75%), as opposed to administrative and fundraising expenses.

Items such as food, clothing, and toiletries should only be collected if you have a confirmed recipient at the disaster site willing and able to receive them.  Otherwise, volunteers will be pulled away from essential services to sort, transfer, store, and distribute items that might not even be needed by disaster victims.  Then you get a mess like the one pictured below - often such items will ultimately be discarded in an area already overwhelmed by debris from the disaster.  Here's a link to the 10 Worst Things to Donate After a Disaster - with explanations why and suggestions of what to do instead with those items.

Shoes Donated to Disaster Survivors / Adam DuBrowa - Sep 26, 2015 / FEMA.gov

If you want to volunteer to help on site, contact existing non-profit organizations BEFORE heading to the disaster area.  Get appropriate training, and be sure it is safe to travel (and you have some place to stay and eat) before going into the area.  Otherwise, you might just get in the way.  Remember, assistance will be needed long after the storm is over and the media is gone, so there will be plenty of opportunities for service later after you've been trained to best help.  Here is a link to Texas Voluntary Organizations Active in Disasters.

For more information, see Volunteer & Donate Responsibly at the Federal Emergency Management Agency website:  https://www.fema.gov/volunteer-donate-responsibly.

Monday, August 28, 2017

Common Printing Issues & How to Resolve Them

Guest Post by Kortney Davis, User Services Assistant

As we jump into a new semester, we want to ensure your success across the board.  These are a couple of common printing scenarios that give our students trouble so we’re addressing them today to help you troubleshoot and know who to ask for help.

Blank Pages
You’ve sent your job to the print queue.  You swipe your card, print the job, and the printer spits out blank pages. 

Most often, this scenario is caused by printing from the browser directly—Internet Explorer, Chrome, and Firefox have all led to this particular problem on patron computers.  This is a very common issue when printing documents from Blackboard.

To solve this issue, download the file and save it to your T drive.  Open the file, and print it from the program designated for that file—Microsoft Word, Excel, Photo Gallery, Adobe Acrobat, etc.  You may receive an error message indicating that you cannot save documents to the computer you’re using.  Click “OK,” and proceed with saving to your T drive as you normally would. 

Once you have sent the file to print from that program, go to the reference desk.  Tell the person at the reference desk about the issue you had with printing the first time and that you have already printed the job from the appropriate program.  They will ask to verify your student ID number and print the new job without charging your Texan Bucks or printing account funds.  You will not need to swipe your card at the printer.

To avoid this problem in the future, take the steps to download the file as outlined above and print from the correct program.  This will save you time and give you an opportunity to review what you’re printing one final time.

Load Paper Into Tray 1
You’ve sent your job to the print queue.  You swipe your card, and the printer gives you an error message that looks like this:

Before you do anything else, tell the person at the reference desk about this.  Snap a picture with your phone or just relay the error message exactly as it appears.  This error message prevents other patrons from printing their work at the printing station until the message is cleared so it is important to let us know as soon as possible.  This error message rarely means that the printer is out of paper.  It usually means that the file being printed is set to the wrong size paper.

After you’ve told the person at the reference desk about this message, go back to your computer and click “file” then “print.”  Look at the printing settings for the file you’re printing. 

In this situation, the paper size is often set to “legal,” which is not a paper size the library keeps in our printers.  To correct this, choose letter size from the drop down menu. 



Then reprint your job, and tell the person at the desk about the issue you had with printing the first time and that you have printed the job on the correct size paper.  They will ask to verify your student ID number and print the new job without charging your Texan Bucks or printing account funds.  You will not need to swipe your card at the printer.

To prevent this error in the future, it’s a good idea to double check the paper selected on the print screen before you print the job. 

If the printing woes you’re facing don’t match the above scenarios or these solutions do not work for you, don’t hesitate to ask us for help!  It’s what we’re here for.

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Need a ride? Call CARR

Do you live in the Stephenville area and need a ride around town or to nearby towns such as Granbury or Weatherford? Then what you need is CARR. City and Rural Rides (CARR) is a rural public transit operation that serves 11 counties including Erath.

CARR operates Monday to Friday from 7:30AM to 5:30PM and is closed on the following holidays: New Year’s Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Eve, and Christmas Day.

To request a ride call 1-800-710-2277. You can schedule a ride up to 60 days in advance. They recommend to call at least 2 business days ahead of your planned trip to ensure that they can accommodate you. They will take same-day requests until 3:30PM, but will only give you a ride if they can fit you in that day's schedule. When you call they will ask for the following information:
  1. Passenger Name
  2. Date of Birth
  3. Address
  4. Phone Number
  5. Assistance Needs 
  6. Emergency Contacts 
  7. Destination Name 
  8. Destination Address 
  9. Request time
The amount you pay depends on distance traveled. These are the current rates:

  • 1-5 miles................$1.00 
  • 6-10 miles..............$2.00 
  • 11-15 miles.............$3.00 
  • 16-20 miles.............$4.00 
  • 21-25 miles.............$5.00 
  • 26-30 miles.............$6.00 
  • 31-35 miles.............$7.00 
  • 36-40 miles.............$8.00 
  • 41-45 miles.............$9.00 
  • 46-50 miles.............$10.00 
  • 51-55 miles.............$11.00 
  • 56-60 miles.............$12.00

You must pay the driver with cash or check (credit cards are currently not accepted). Drivers are not able to make change. Another option is to purchase a prepaid fare pass, if you buy a $20 prepaid pass, then you will receive $4 worth of free rides.

If you have any questions about CARR you can contact them here: http://www.cityandruralrides.com/ContactUs.htm. I can tell you from personal experience that they respond to questions very quickly.

This online handbook provides detailed information about the services CARR provides.

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Summer Interim Hours

Dick Smith Library Summer Interim Hours:
Aug. 12th & 13th- Closed
Aug. 14th-18th - 8am-5pm
Aug. 19th & 20th- 1pm-5pm 
Aug. 21st -25th - 8am-7pm 
Aug .26th- 10am-6pm
Aug. 27th- 12pm-2am
Regular semester hours begin Aug. 28
Enjoy the rest of your summer!

Friday, August 4, 2017

Total Eclipse of the Sun - August 21, 2017

On Monday, August 21, parts of the United States will be able to view an uncommon event, a total eclipse of the sun by the moon.  The "path of totality," in which the total eclipse will be visible, is about 70 miles wide, and extends through 14 states from Oregon southeast to South Carolina.

Even if you can’t travel to the path of totality, you *should* be able to see a partial solar eclipse here (weather permitting).  On the Tarleton Stephenville campus, approximately 70% of the sun's surface will be covered by the moon around 1:07 p.m.  The partial eclipse will start about 11:38 a.m. and end about 2:36 p.m.

NASA has lots of great resources - including maps and eye safety tips, as well as the logo at the top of this post - at a special website:  https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/

If you miss this eclipse, don't worry - you will have another (and better) chance to see a total solar eclipse in 2024.  On April 8 of that year, most of the Stephenville area *will* be in the path of totality.  You can use this interactive map to find areas on the path:


Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Early Stephenville newspaper online at Portal to Texas History

The Stephenville Empire newspapers from 1882 to 1900 are now online at the Portal to Texas History!  The remaining issues of this early title (through 1917), as well as the early Stephenville Tribune (1905 through 1922) will appear in the future, so keep checking the Portal.  Please keep in mind that there are many gaps in those early years.  All Stephenville newspapers the Dick Smith Library has on microfilm through 1922 are being digitized.

This project was funded through a grant provided by the Ladd & Katherine Hancher Library Foundation in September 2016, awarded to the Stephenville Public Library, our partner in this project (they were eligible to apply for the grant; we were not!).

Already users are finding items of interest for their family history research:

"I found an article explaining when my 3X great-grandfather came to Texas from Mississippi!"

"I found my great-great-grandfather telling tall tales about his wheat crop."

"My great-great-grandfather was a member of the Morgan Mill Democratic Club in 1898."

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Chatting with the Dick Smith Library

Have you ever had a library or research-related question and needed the answers quickly? 
Have you ever been too hesitant to approach the Information desk?
Did you know that the library has a new Chat Service that allows you to talk to the Reference department, wherever you are, immediately?
You can find our Chat Widget on the lower right hand side of the library's home page.
The chat service is available:
Monday - Friday
11:00 am - 4:00 pm
Have a question when the chat service is offline? 
Not a problem. Email the Reference Department at reference@tarleton.edu and get a response within a 24 hour time-frame.
You can also visit the Ask a librarian page in order to find our FAQs and to submit a question.

You may also call us at 254-968-9249.
Have questions? We are just a click or phone call away!