Thursday, March 30, 2017

Tarleton Thursdays: From Our Day at the State Capitol, March 21, 2017

Senate Resolution 426, issued at Tarleton State University Day at the State Capitol on March 21, 2017, in honor of Tarleton's centennial as a member of the Texas A&M University System (click on the image to enlarge it).  This proclamation will be added to the University Archives.

Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Creative Commons and Attribution: It's the Right Thing to Do

What do you do when you need an image for an assignment - a presentation or a paper?  If the image is one you created yourself, you’re good to go. But what about those times you can’t create your own images? Is it OK to just use that great picture you found on the internet?

It’s safest to assume that all images on the web are copyrighted with all rights reserved, unless otherwise stated. That means you need to get permission for use from the image creator, or possibly face penalties ranging from a take-down notice, to a bill requesting payment for use of the image, to legal action against you. Not to mention – asking permission is moral and ethical.

A number of artists and photographers, sometimes in an effort to generate notice for their work, have made their images available for use under Creative Commons (CC) licenses. The creator can put the image into the public domain (waiving all copyright), or retain some rights and choose from six licenses, ranging from simple attribution (permitting derivatives and commercial reuse, CC-BY), to allowing reuse as long as it is noncommercial and the work is not modified (CC-BY-NC-ND).

This work, "CC Chart", is a derivative of slide 88 of “The OER 101 Workshop at USM II” by Zaid Alsagoff used under CC BY-NC-SA 2.5. ”CC Chart” is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 by Amanda Pape

There are a number of tools available to help you find copyright-friendly images, such as Creative Commons Search and flickrCC. Recently, Google Images Search made finding such images much easier.
  • Enter your search term.
  • When results appear, click on Tools.
  • Click on Usage rights.
  • Select the appropriate license (“Not filtered by license” is the default). 

Google Images search screen shot taken and further modified by Amanda Pape, CC-BY

Images (if any) that fit the license restrictions will appear. Depending on your search terms and the license you choose, images may come from Flickr, Wikipedia or Wikimedia Commons, Pixabay, or the Open Clip Art library.  Be sure to click through to the image and double-check the licensing terms, as Google Images Search doesn't always get them right. 

It’s important to note that ALL Creative Commons licenses require users to provide attribution to the creator.

What is attribution? It’s the journalistic practice of crediting information to its source (so you know where something came from), and a concept in copyright law requiring acknowledgement of the creator of a work (such as an image) which is used or appears in another work (such as your blog or Facebook post).

Why should you provide attributions? Using other's images without giving credit is plagiarism. Also, think about how you might feel if someone “borrowed” one of your images to use on a website and did not give you credit, thereby implying that the image was his/her (or another’s) creation. This has happened to me (more than once), and I wasn’t too happy about it. (Luckily, in both cases, the borrowers added or corrected the attribution when I commented on the mistake.)

When using Creative Commons images, you must credit the photographers/artists in the manner they specify (if they do so). Sometimes you can find the preferred attribution with the image, or on a profile page from the website where you found the image.

Just as there are tools to help you find copyright-friendly images to use, there are tools available to generate attributions when no specific one is provided. Unfortunately, none of the tools I’ve tried (such as flickrCC, OpenAttribute, and ImageCodr) fully and consistently meet the Creative Commons guidelines for attribution, which require that you:

  • Cite the work’s title or name (and link it directly to source of the original work). 
  • Cite the author’s name, screen or real (and link to the author’s profile page when available). 
  • Cite the specific CC license the work is under (and link to the license deed on the CC website). 
  • Keep intact any copyright notices for the work. 
  • Indicate if the image has been modified or adapted by you in any way.

If you use one of the citation tools mentioned above, take what it generates and fill in the missing pieces, as much as you can. Make some effort, just as you would in citing text sources in a paper written for an assignment in school. The two images used in this blog post provide examples of proper attribution.

Here is an additional resource on proper attribution:

And here is my presentation on Slideshare on Creative Commons licenses and proper attribution:

[An earlier version of this post appeared originally on the Texas Social Media Research Institute blog on July 9, 2014, and is used with their permission and that of me, the author.]

Thursday, March 23, 2017

Stress Management

You have survived Midterms and suddenly realize that finals are a little over five weeks away. How do you cope with stress? According to WebMD you could:

Relax your mind by:
  • Write in a journal for 10 to 15 minutes
  • Let your feelings out by laughing or crying. Talk to others who care about you
  • Do something you enjoy
  • Volunteer your time

Relax your body by:
  • Practicing meditation
  • Practicing yoga
  • Go for a walk
  • Play a game with friends

If all else fails you could try some of my personal favorites:
  • Read a book
  • Checkout one of our cookbooks and bake something for a friend
  • Watch a video on Films on Demand
  • Checkout a CD or Audiobook

However you choose to prepare for the final academic push, please remember that the Reference staff is available to assist you with your research needs. You may get help either in person, over the phone, by email, or via the web at

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Global Road Warrior

Are you planning any international travel in the near future or would you like to learn more about the world? If so, then the library has a great resource for you: Global Road Warrior. It is a database that contains a wealth of information about every country on Earth. You can find it on the library's A to Z Databases List.

There are two ways to find information about a country thorough Global Road Warrior. Either select the name of the country on the alphabetical list, or select it on the interactive map.

Select a country from the list on the left or the map on the right. 
After you choose a country you will then be provided with a wide range of information about it: geography, history, culture, demographics, maps, etc.

If you are planning to travel to the country, then you must check out the Travel Essentials section. It provides valuable information such as: visa requirements, products you are allowed or not allowed to bring into the country, recommended immunizations, etc.

Visa and Passport requirements for travel to India. 

The library has other databases that are also helpful resources for travel such as:
  • A to Z Maps - provides detailed maps of every US state and most countries of the world. 
  • Mango Languages - provides interactive tutorials for 72 languages. 

If you have any questions about Global Road Warrior then email or call 254-968-9249. 

Click here to find information about study abroad opportunities provided by Tarleton State University. 

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Land to Water--Spring Break Safety Tips

Although you want to have a fun spring break, it is also important to keep safety in mind, so that you can come back to finish off the semester strong! 

  • On Land

1. Always rotate drivers so that one person isn't exhausted and accidently falls asleep at the wheel. Make it fun by letting the driver be in charge of music.

2. If more than 2 people are traveling make it a rule that that the person also sitting shotgun has to stay awake to keep the driver company. Perhaps they can take turns choosing the music.
Two awake people is better than just one!

3. Do your research and go old school by printing off directions. Even though most people rely on their smartphone to give them directions, it is always smart to be double prepared just in case your phone dies or the location you are driving doesn't have good cell reception.

4. When stopping to eat or take a rest break always make sure your valuables (wallet, GPS, expensive jewelry, etc.) that you leave behind in your car is hidden from plain view. This will reduce the risk of your vehicle getting broke into.

5. Never drive intoxicated or ride with someone you suspect is intoxicated. ( Even if they say they are ok to drive!). There are always a safer alternative. Call an Uber or taxi. In fact, if you do not have the money to call a cab, you can call for a police escort ( DO NOT call 911 for this, call the local police station). They would rather you call them than to be a danger to others!

6. Set limits, and instructions for yourself before going out and stick to them. For example: I am only going to have 3 drinks tonight, afterwards I will just drink soda or water. I won't go anywhere alone or go to an after party at a strangers house.

7. Never take a drink from a stranger or open container sources such as punch bowls. For one, there is no clear way of knowing the alcohol content and there could be a risk that it is drugged. If you or your friend feel dizzy, have slurred speech, is blacking/passing out--go to a safe place to help calm the person down. If symptoms are extreme, take them to the emergency room.

8. Don't make drinking alcohol a competition or try to keep up with your friends. Everyone's tolerance of alcohol will be different depending on how frequent they drink, their weight, and how much they have eaten. With saying that, always eat before you drink!

9. Do not carry large amounts of cash with you at a time. This way you will not be more at risk for getting robbed, and if you are it won't be as bad.

10. Know the local equivalent to 911 to the country you are visiting.
For example:
Central America and Caribbean:
Guatemala – 120*
Barbados – 511*
Jamaica – 110*
Nicaragua – 118*
Honduras – 199*

For more emergency numbers visit:

  • In the Water

1. Sun can maximize the effects of alcohol so keep this in mind when you party poolside or at the beach. If you start to feel bad, find a shade or cool place to lay down.

2. While out in the sun swimming or playing sports, it is easy to forget to drink water. However, this is the fastest way to become dehydrated. Make sure you take plenty rest breaks to stay hydrated.

3. It's a cloudy day, and you are thinking this is the perfect time to spend all day at the beach. Keep in mind that you can still burn when it is cloudy. Always use sun lotion!

4. Know the flag system for water safety:
  • Red Flag: Stay out of the water because of strong undertow and riptides.
  • Yellow Flag: Use CAUTION in the water. There are some undertow and riptides possible.
  • Blue Flag: Calm water. Swim safely.
5. Always swim with a buddy. Even the most experienced swimmer can get caught in an undertow. If you are caught in a rip current, don’t bother swimming against it. Instead, swim parallel to shore until the rip passes.

6. It is advised not to drink while in a hot tub. Alcohol can dilate blood vessels and lower blood pressure to dangerous levels. The effects of alcohol are felt sooner and stronger in a hot tub. It can lead to unconsciousness and drowning.

7. In any natural body of water, be aware that you can’t always tell how deep the water is. Don’t dive if you don’t know for sure how deep the water is. Diving in too shallow of waters can lead to serious accidents.

For additional safety tips check out this website:

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Made in the Maker Spot: Sculpting 1 Class Project Edition

Over the last month or so, we've been working with students in Professor Molly Dierk's Sculpting 1 class to design and print 3-D objects for their assignment. The assignment was to remix or repurpose existing objects found on sites like and use Tinkercad or another 3-D design software to make them into something new.

They rocked this assignment! I'm so impressed with their creativity and the things they came up with, some of which are pictured below.

Group shot of the students' projects

Chicken Foot Vase by Annalea Nelson

Lighhouses by Rachel Nunez

Faceless by Alex Huerta

Fingerfoot by Taylor Martin

Place Setting by David Baack

Busts by Rebecca Cox

Defying Gravity by Destany Seymore

Fight Like a Girl by Taylor Maerz

Ear Vase by Robbi Elliot

Thursday, March 2, 2017

Tarleton Thursday: Alum Donates Ancestor's 1870s Texas Emigrant Journey Memoir to Library

Above:  Alan Easterling '90 with his ancestor's memoir

It's very appropriate that we get to announce an exciting donation to our archival collections on Texas Independence Day!  Yesterday, Tarleton alumnus Alan Easterling, Class of 1990, donated the original handwritten account of the mid-1870s journey from southern Illinois to northern Texas made by his great-grandfather, Nelson Fleming Rudolph (1861-1937), and his great-great uncle and Nelson's brother, Charles Francis Rudolph (1859-1929).

As can be seen in the photograph, the approximately 139-year-old document has been a little torn and taped on its first (and last) few leaves, but the remaining leaves (there are 100 pages) are in remarkably good condition.  Charles, who later became a newspaper editor, wrote the account of the journey and gave it as a Christmas gift to two of his sisters, Serena Estella "Stella" Rudolph Dort (1855-1932), who also moved to Texas, and Louisa Catherine "Lou" Rudolph Lee (1857-1930).

Easterling also donated three family photographs (two are originals from the late 1880s).  Watch for future posts featuring these images, as well as excerpts from the memoir.

Alan Easterling's nephew, Grayson Easterling, is a student at our Stephenville campus.  We also discovered another family connection here in the Dick Smith Library.  Jennifer Barrera, Assistant Director for User Services, is also a descendant of Nelson Fleming Rudolph.  He is Jennifer's great-great-grandfather, which makes Jennifer and Grayson third cousins, and Alan and Jennifer are second cousins once removed. 

Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Dark Side of the Archives

Archives sustain civilization. Civilization is the total of human experience. Archival repositories hold the records of that experience, good or bad, gained over time. Archives orient people in society, and create a foundation for profiting by historical context. Archives touch peoples’ lives when individuals are introduced or connected to the documents we hold in our collections. Sometimes it is finding information about an ancestor that brings joy. Other times the documents bring up memories of a darker time in our past. 

As we come to the end of Black History Month, the document featured is one of those records that document a darker time in the history of America. It is a receipt from 1847 for the purchase of a female slave named Silvy. The receipt states that on April 3, 1847, in Union County, North Carolina, John S. Leany paid $213 ($6,000 in 2015 dollars) for a “Negro girl Silvy” who was lately sold as the property of another individual. It further states that she is healthy and in sound condition. In addition, it transfers the title to Silvy to John S. Leany and his heirs and offspring.

In this one document, the whole issue of an individual owned by another is summed up. It is clear that slaves had no rights and were thought of as nothing more than a piece of property to be bought and sold as one would do with land.

For more information about slavery from those in bondage, the Dick Smith Library has The Slave Narratives of Texas by Ron Tyler, and from the Federal Writers Project, Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States, From Interviews with Former Slaves. This 17-volume set is also available online from the Library of Congress at

The Texas Slavery Project,, explores slavery in Texas in the years between 1820 and 1850.

The Texas State Historical Association has a free eBook on the trials and triumphs of African Americans in Texas at

Thursday, February 23, 2017

Meet Our Staff: Ally Warren

Ally Warren
Periodicals Associate
Dick Smith Library – Main Floor

I recently joined the Tarleton family as the Periodicals Associate. This is my first position with a library – a dream come true! My job is to supervise our student workers, and assist in claims, binding, and various additional projects surrounding the periodicals area. I have a background in health information management, HIPAA, and electronic medical records software. My husband and I have three children: Justin, attending the University of Wyoming, Jenny, a freshman at Texas Tech, and Jack, a senior in high school.

My hobbies are reading, traveling, cooking, and calligraphy. I have a large collection of inks and fountain pens, and one of my favorite activities is cleaning, repairing, and re-inking all…of…those…pens. My favorite book is Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, by John Berendt. I love Key Lime pie, and I’m a former swimmer looking to get back into the pool. My rescue cat’s name is Hemingway, who has his own kitten named Fitzgerald. Ernest Hemingway is my favorite author – I checked off my top bucket list item when I toured the Hemingway House in Key West. If I could have pulled it off, I would have brought a six-toed cat back with me.

Monday, February 20, 2017

Brown Bag - Copyright and Fair Use

Do you have questions about Copyright and Fair Use?


On Tuesday February 21 2017, the Dick Smith Library's Copyright Team will be hosting a brown bag discussion on Copyright and Fair use.

The program will be from 12:10 - 12:50 in the Multi-Purpose Room. 

Thursday, February 16, 2017

Full Text Finder and Citation Finder

Tarleton's Dick Smith library subscribes to more than 200 databases, which provide access to a multitude of publications. Determining which database contains the particular source you are looking for can be a daunting task. Fortunately we have Full Text Finder and Citation Finder, powerful tools that can find and link you to specific periodicals or specific articles within our myriad of databases.

Full Text Finder

To use Full Text Finder first go to the library's webpage: Then click on the Full Text Finder link highlighted in the screenshot below:
Full Text Finder link highlighted in yellow. 

After you click the Full Text Finder link you will come to a search screen where you can type in the name of a particular periodical title (journal, magazine, newspaper). Below the search box there are links that allow you to browse for periodicals by title or by discipline.
Searching for the Journal of Marketing
Your search results will let you know which databases have the periodical  you are looking for, and the date range of coverage provided in each database. There is also a search box, which allows you to search within that periodical.
Search results. 

Citation Finder 

Another useful tool is Citation Finder. This is helpful when you are trying to track down a specific article. For example, you are reading a source and you want to find an article that is listed in that source's references.
Example citation.
After reading an article I found the citation above, and decided to use Citation Finder to see if this article was available through a Tarleton library database. To use Citation Finder first go to the library's website: Then click on the Citation Finder link highlighted in the screenshot below.
Citation Finder link highlighted in yellow.

After you click the Citation Finder link you will come to a search screen where you will need to input the article's bibliographic information. That information is found in the citation (see example above).
Input as much information as you can. If there is something you don't know, then leave it blank. The more information you provide, the more likely you will be linked to the correct source. At a minimum you should provide the journal title, article title, date, and author's last name. 
Fortunately, the article I'm looking for is available in the JSTOR database. Clicking on the link in the screenshot below took me directly to the article.
Link to full text of the article in the JSTOR database. 
If you need assistance using Full Text Finder or Citation Finder then contact the library at 254-968-1898 or

Monday, February 13, 2017

OverDrive Romance Novels

Just in time for Valentine's Day, head over to OverDrive to read some of our romance novels.

Here are 5 popular titles that we have on overdrive. However, OverDrive has over 200 romance genre titles to choose from. The checkout periods are for 21 days and can be renewed as long as no one has placed a hold on it. Otherwise, you can also place a hold on a book and it will automatically appear in your account once it is returned.

1. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen
When Elizabeth Bennet first meets eligible bachelor Fitzwilliam Darcy, she thinks him arrogant and conceited; he is indifferent to her good looks and lively mind. When she later discovers that Darcy has involved himself in the troubled relationship between his friend Bingley and her beloved sister Jane, she is determined to dislike him more than ever. Jane Austen shows us the folly of judging by first impressions and superbly evokes the friendships, gossip and snobberies of provincial middle-class life.

2. Ink by Amanda Sun
On the heels of a family tragedy, Katie Greene must move halfway across the world. Stuck with her Aunt in Shizuoka, Japan, Katie feels alone, lost and disconnected since she barley know the language. When Katie meets aloof but gorgeous Tomohiro, the star of the school's kendo team, she is intrigued by him. But, Tomo is connected to the kami, powerful ancient beings who once ruled Japan—and as feelings develop between Katie and Tomo, things begin to spiral out of control.

3. If I Stay by Gayle Forman
 Seventeen ­year-old Mia got into a horrible car accident; she can only recall what happened afterwards, watching her own damaged body being taken from the wreck. Little by little she struggles to put together the pieces- to figure out what she has lost, what she has left, and the very difficult choice she must make. Heartwrenchingly beautiful, this will change the way you look at life, love, and family.

4. The Fault in our Stars by John Green
Despite the tumor-shrinking medical miracle that has bought her a few years, Hazel has never been anything but terminal. But when a gorgeous plot twist named Augustus Waters suddenly appears at Cancer Kid Support Group, Hazel’s story is about to be completely rewritten.

5. Shatter Me by Tahereh Mafi
No one knows why Juliette's touch is fatal, but The Reestablishment has plans for her. Plans to use her as a weapon. But Juliette has plans of her own. After a lifetime without freedom, she's finally discovering a strength to fight back for the very first time—and to find a future with the one boy she thought she'd lost forever.

book summary sources

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Library Lovers Week!

Who's ready for Library Lovers Week?   February 13-17!

Every February the Tarleton Libraries join others across the nation to celebrate Library Lovers Month, and we invite our users to join in the fun.

To remind users to consider and celebrate library resources and services, we distribute specially designed buttons, give out candy kisses, have themed displays, and create opportunities for our users to share comments about why they love libraries. Added this year will be surprises hidden throughout the library.

Next week be sure and stop by the libraries in either Stephenville or Fort Worth to join the fun!

Thursday, February 2, 2017

Throwback Thursday-Dean Cox's 1918 Annual Report

In November of 1918 Dean Cox presented his first annual report to the A&M System. In his report you can hear Cox's pride in the progress Tarleton has made in a years time from being a private local college to a member of a state system.The previous year John Tarleton College was in dire financial straits and Dean Cox knew the only way the college could survive was to join a State system. At the time time the college was having trouble paying their faculty and in fact had little faculty at all. 

Cox notes that by an act of the 35th Legislature the institution was made a branch of A&M College and the State took control of the property September 1,1917. Cox continues that a "good faculty was secured, some advertising was done and the institution was opened for students Sept. 18th." In the first year 261 students enrolled. "Of these 174 were enrolled in the literary department and 87 in the Music." Summer enrollment was125 making a total for the year of 386 students. Students from Stephenville numbered 110, with 122 from other parts of Erath County. Students from counties adjoining Erath County made up 35 per cent of the remaining students.Of the 386 students 137 were working in Home Economics and 83 in the School of Agriculture. The enrollment for 1918 increased by 50 per cent to 273 students. Clearly John Tarleton Agricultural College was growing.

Dean Cox goes on to note challenges of changing from a local institution to a State institution and branch of the Agricultural and mechanical College of Texas. He notes that more than 200 students were turned away due to lack of means or lacking the required educational requirements. However, the school is crowded as it is needing more class rooms, offices, and laboratory space. Cox wanted to make sure that the courses taught at Tarleton were academically equal to those at the parent institution. He also felt the role of the junior agricultural college in Texas was to bridge the gap between the rural high school and the junior year of a standard college. Cox additionally felt the junior college should strive to serve those in the neighboring community first. 

Looking forward to the future Cox states that steps have been taken to establish affiliations with the rural high schools of Erath County and Tarleton. He believes this would be beneficial to the schools and Tarleton. He hopes that a program can be developed that would allow these students to enter Tarleton without examination. he closes the report by stating that the $75,000 raised by the citizens of Stephenville for a student loan fund will be very helpful and that due to severe drought the farm was not an asset.

So as we celebrate our Centennial of joining the A&M System read Dean Cox's report below and think of what the future held  and holds for Tarleton.