It was Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836. Texas’ independence had been declared only 25 days earlier. The Battle of the Alamo had occurred on Mar. 6. On Mar. 19, Col. Fannin, who had occupied Goliad, was on his way with his troops to Victoria, Texas as ordered by Gen. Sam Houston, when they were overtaken by Mexican General Urrea. Fannin eventually surrendered. His army of 400 men, made up of a few Texans but mostly volunteers from other states, were taken back to Goliad, along with another 120 previously uncaptured men who had eluded Urrea. These troops, now numbering over 500 were incarcerated in the fort at Goliad. Urrea put the men to work rebuilding equipment and the fort. While Mexican President Santa Anna had ordered that all men held at Goliad be executed, Urrea could not imagine killing such a large number of men in cold blood andJohn Crittenden Duval’s account of Goliad as taken from The Quarterly of Texas State Historical Association, 526 men died at Goliad that day, more than double the number killed at the Alamo. One hundred and eighty-three men died at the Alamo. From Feb. 27 to Mar. 27, 1836, a total of 709 men died defending Texas against Mexico.
Corner, W., and Duval, B. H. (1897). John Crittenden Duval: The last survivor of the Goliad Massacre, The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, 1(1), 47-67. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27784850
"Goliad surrender and massacre at (March 19-27, 1836)." Encyclopedia of the Alamo and the Texas Revolution. Jefferson: McFarland, 2007. Credo Reference. 10 May 2012. Web. 26 Mar. 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.credoreference.com/entry/mcfalamo/goliad_surrender_and_massacre_at_march_19_27_1836
Other resources available through Dick Smith Library:
Stout, J. A. (2008). Slaughter at Goliad: The Mexican massacre of 400 Texas volunteers. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.
Carradine, D., & Verklan, L. M. (2005). Massacres II [electronic resource]/produced, written, and directed by Laura Verklan. [United States]: History Channel: A&E Television Networks: [New York]: Distributed by New Video, c2005.